Weingarten Rights guarantee an employee the right to union representation during an investigatory interview.
1. If a steward (union rep) sees a worker being interviewed in a supervisor's office, can she/he demand to attend the meeting?
Yes. A steward has a protected right to demand admission to a Weingarten interview. However, once the request is made, the employee being interviewed must indicate a desire for the steward's presence. If the employee states that she/he wishes to be interviewed alone, the steward must leave.
2. An employee was summoned to an interview with the supervisor and asked for a steward. In response, the supervisor said, "You can request a steward, but if you do, I will have to bring in the manager, and you know how temperamental she/he is. If we can keep it at the level we're at, things will be a lot better for you." Is this a violation?
Yes. The supervisor is threatening greater discipline to coerce the employee into abandoning her/his Weingarten Rights. This is an unfair labor practice.
3. An employee was ordered by the supervisor to go to the personnel office for a "talk" about her/his attitude. She/He asked to bring a union representative but the supervisor said she/he would have to make that request when they got to the office. Can the employee refuse to go to the office?
No. Weingarten Rights do not begin until the actual interview begins. The employee must go to the office and repeat her/his request to the official conducting the interview. Only if a supervisor makes it clear in advance to the employee that she/he intends to conduct an investigatory interview without union representation, does an employee have a right to refuse to go to the meeting.
4. Can management order a worker to open a locker without a steward being present?
Yes. Locker searches, car searches, or handbag searches are not interviews. Employees do not have a right to insist of the presence of a steward.
5. An employee was given a written warning about poor attendance and told she/he must participate in absence counseling sessions with a member of the personnel department. Does the worker have a right to demand the presence of a union steward at the counseling sessions?
This depends on whether the employee has a reasonable fear that the counseling sessions could result in further discipline. If notes from the sessions are kept in the employee's permanent record, or if other employees have been disciplined after counseling sessions, the employee's fears would be reasonable and would entitle him to bring a steward. But if the employer gives firm assurances that the meetings will not be used for further discipline and promises that the conversations will remain confidential, Weingarten probably would not apply.
6. If a worker is given a warning for misconduct and is asked to sign the acknowledge receipt, must the employer permit her/him to consult a steward before signing?
No. Since the employer is not questioning the worker, Weingarten Rights do not apply.
7. Can a worker insist on the presence of a lawyer before answering questions at an investigatory interview?
No. Weingarten Rights apply only to the presence of union representatives.
8. Over the weekend, a manager called a worker at home to ask questions about missing items. Did the worker have to answer the questions?
No. Weingarten Rights apply to telephone interviews. A worker who fears discipline can refuse to answer questions until she/he has a chance to consult with her steward.
9. A worker was called into the manager's office. She/He asked for her steward, but was refused. The manager said, "Yesterday you refused to work overtime. Therefore, we're giving you a one-day suspension for insubordination." Did the company violate Weingarten?
No. Weingarten Rights do not apply to meetings where employers simply announce discipline. However, if the employer starts asking questions or tries to make the employee admit guilt, Weingarten would apply and the employee can insist on the presence of a steward or other union representative before answering.
10. If a worker's steward is out sick, can the worker insist that the interview be delayed until the steward is available?
No. Management does not have to delay an investigation if other union representatives are available to assist the employee at the interview.
11. Suppose a worker's request for a steward is denied. If the supervisor continues to ask questions, can the worker walk out of the office to get a steward?
In some cases, yes. According to NLRB decisions, when an employee is entitled to union representation and the employer denies the employee's request, the employee can refuse to participate in the interview, even to the point of walking out to seek a union representative. However, if the employee is told to wait while management gets the steward, the employee must stay in the office until the steward arrives.
12. If the company calls a meeting to lecture workers about job performance, do the employees have a right to demand the presence of a union representative before attending the meeting?
No. Holding a meeting on work time that does not involve interrogation is not a Weingarten meeting. There is no right to a steward unless the employer begins asking questions of employees in a manner that creates a reasonable fear of discipline.